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In The name of Allah,The Most Merciful,The Most gracious

Is Saying Jummah Mubarak Bidah?! Ruling on offering congratulations on Friday?

 

Source IslamQA 

What is the ruling on offering congratulations on Friday, because now it is the custom in our country on Friday to send text messages and people congratulate one another on the occasion of Friday by saying “Jumu‘ah mubaarak” or “Jumu‘ah tayyibah.”.

Praise be to Allaah.

 Firstly: 

There is no doubt that Friday is an “Eid” or “festival” for the Muslims, as it says in the hadeeth narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “This is a day of ‘Eid that Allah has ordained for the Muslims, so whoever comes to Jumu‘ah, let him do ghusl, and if he has any perfume let him put some on, and you should use the miswaak.” Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1098; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah. 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said, describing the special virtues of Friday: 

Thirteen: It is a day of ‘Eid that is repeated every week. 

Zaad al-Ma‘aad, 1/369 

Thus the Muslims have three Eids: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, which come once every year, and Jumu‘ah which is repeated once every week. 

Secondly: 

With regard to the Muslims congratulating one another on the occasions of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, this is prescribed and it is narrated from the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them). This has been discussed previously in the answers to questions no. 49021 and 36442. As for congratulating one another on the occasion of Friday, what seems to us to be the case is that it is not prescribed, because the fact that Friday is an Eid was known to the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them), and they were more knowledgeable than us about its virtues, and they were keen to respect it and give it its due, but there is no report to suggest that they used to congratulate one another on Fridays. And all goodness is in following them (may Allah be pleased with them). 

Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him) was asked: What is the ruling on sending text messages every Friday and ending with the phrase “Jumu‘ah mubaarak”? 

He replied: 

The early generation did not congratulate one another on Fridays, so we should not introduce anything that they did not do.

End quote from Ajwabat As’ilah Majallat al-Da‘wah al-Islamiyyah. 

A similar fatwa was issued by Shaykh Sulaymaan al-Maajid (may Allah preserve him), when he said: 

We do not think it is prescribed to exchange congratulations on Fridays, such as saying to one another, “Jumu‘ah mubaarak” and so on, because it comes under the heading of du‘aa’s and dhikrs, which must be based on a text (of the Qur’aan or Sunnah) because this is purely the matter of worship and if it were good, the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and his Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) would have done it before us. If anyone suggests that this is permissible, then that may imply that it is prescribed to say du‘aa’s and congratulate one another after having done the five daily prayers and other acts of worship, and du‘aa’ at these times was not done by the early generations.

End quote from the Shaykh’s website (may Allah preserve him) 

http://www.salmajed.com/ar/node/2601 

If a Muslim prays for his brother on Friday with the intention of softening his heart and making him happy, and seeking the time when supplications are answered, there is nothing wrong with that. 

And Allah knows best.

Virtues and Suunahs of Jummah

Friday is the Best day of Week

Excellence of Friday Prayer

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In The name of Allah,The Most Merciful,The Most gracious

Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj

There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer” [al-Isra’ 17:1]

There are mutawaatir reports from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him. At first Allaah, may He be exalted, enjoined fifty prayers, but our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept going back and asking Him to reduce it, until He made them five, so they are five obligatory prayers but fifty in reward, because each good deed is rewarded tenfold. To Allaah be praise and thanks for all His blessings.

With regard to this night on which the Isra’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) according to the scholars of hadeeth. Allaah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it. Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us.

They narrated from their Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) everything that his ummah needs to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good. If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most sincere of people, and he conveyed the message to the people in full, and he fulfilled the trust. If venerating and celebrating this night were part of the religion of Allaah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done that and would not have concealed it. Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected this ummah’s religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allaah has not ordained. Allaah says in His holy Book, in Soorat al-Maa’idah (interpretation of the meaning):

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion” [al-Maa’idah 5:3]

And Allaah says in Soorat al-Shoora (interpretation of the meaning):

“Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?” [al-Shoora 42:21]

In the saheeh ahaadeeth it is proven that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against bid’ah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the ummah how serious the matter is and put them off it.

For example, it is narrated in al-Saheehayn from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.” In a report narrated by Muslim it says: “Whoever does any action that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.”

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Friday:

“The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” Al-Nasaa’i added with a jayyid isnaad: “and every going astray will be in the Fire.”

In al-Sunan it is narrated that al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delivered an eloquent speech to us which melted our hearts and caused our eyes to flow with tears. We said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is as if it is a farewell address, so advise us. He said: “I advise you to fear Allaah, and to listen and obey, even if a slave is appointed over you. Whoever among you lives will see many differences, so I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided caliphs who will come after me, and cling firmly to it. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. And there are many ahaadeeth with a similar meaning.

Warnings against bid’ah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and from the righteous salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allaah has not ordained, and it is an imitation of the enemies of Allaah, the Jews and the Christians, in their additions to their religions and introducing into them things that Allaah had not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion” [al-Maa’idah 5:3]

It also goes against the ahaadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which warn against innovation (bid’ah).

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this bid’ah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all.

Because Allaah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allaah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is haraam to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation, which is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion, to my Muslim brothers. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions.

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In The name of Allah,The Most Merciful,The Most gracious

“Do not please anyone by angering Allaah?”

What is the status of the hadeeth,

Do not please anyone by angering Allaah, do not thank anyone for the blessings of Allaah, and do not condemn anyone for that which Allaah did not give you. For the provision of Allaah does not come to you because of anyone’s efforts and it is not diverted from you because of anyone’s hatred. By His fairness and justice, Allaah has connected peace and joy to contentment and certain faith, and He has connected worry and distress to discontentment.

Praise be to Allaah.

This hadeeth was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 10/215.

Al-Haythami said:

It was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, and its isnaad includes Khaalid ibn Yazeed al-‘Umari, who was accused of fabricating hadeeth.

Majmaa’ al-Zawaa’id, 4/71.

It was also narrated – via a different isnaad – by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah (5/106) and by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan, 1/221.

Its isnaad includes ‘Atiyah al-‘Awfi, who is da’eef (weak), and the comments of the scholars concerning him have been quoted above (p. 78); and it includes Muhammad ibn Marwaan al-Saddi, who is matrook al-hadeeth (his hadeeth is not to be accepted).

Yahyaa ibn Ma’een said:

he is not thiqah (trustworthy), and on one occasion he said: he is nothing.

Ibraaheem said:

he is kadhdhaab (a liar).

Al-Sa’di said,

he is dhaahib (i.e., his hadeeth is not accepted).

Al-Nasaa’i, Abu Haatim al-Raazi and al-Azdi said: he is matrook al hadeeth (his hadeeth is not to be accepted).

Al-Bukhaari said:

his hadeeth should not be written down. And on one occasion he said: they did not say anything concerning him.

Ibn Hibbaan said:

his hadeeth is not to be written down, and it is haraam to use his hadeeth as evidence.

See Meezaan al-I’tidaal, 6/328; al-Du’afaa’ wa’l-Matrookeen, 3/98

It was also narrated by Hannaad al-Sirri in al-Zuhd, 1/304; and by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan, 1/221, with an isnaad which is mawqoof and stops at ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him).

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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The Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam has said, “Whoever is the first to give another person the news about the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the fire of hell is Haraam for them”. Is this Hadeeth authentic? If it is not, could you explain the warning for those who circulate fabricated Ahadeeth?

We have not come across a Hadeeth in which it is mentioned that the fire of Hell is Haraam upon the first person who gives the news about Rabi’ul Awwal.

If this Hadeeth is fabricated and was not mentioned by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, the person who fabricated the Hadith as well as all those who convey the Hadeeth are deserving of the severe warning of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said, “To fabricate my words is not like fabricating any other person’s words. The person who fabricates my words should prepare an abode for himself in the fire of hell.” (Sahih al Bukhari, Hadith #: 1291).

Unfortunately, due to wide spread ignorance, e-mails containing false information and fabricated Ahadeeth are widely circulated. The creators of such e-mails as well as those who forward them to others should take heed of the severe warning of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. It is therefore imperative that one exercises caution when one receives e-mails of such a nature wherein there is no authentic reference mentioned. Such e-mails or pieces of information should be referred to reliable and learned scholars for verification.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best.

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In The name of Allah,The Most Merciful,The Most gracious

The hadeeth of Salmaan about the virtues of Ramadaan is da’eef (weak)

A khateeb of a masjid in my area mentioned in a khutbah a Hadeeth narrated by Salmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, that the prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, gave them a khutbah in the last day of Sha’abaan .. etc. some brothers objected to what the khateeb says in front of the worshippers saying that this Hadeeth is fabricated. He also said that the prophet said: “who feeds a fasting person, Allah will bless him a drink of my Cistern (Al-Hawd), he will never feel thirsty after it until he is in paradise” and also said: “who makes it easy on his salve, Allah will forgive him and frees him of the hellfire”. The brother objected and said: this is lying and the prophet did not say this. A person tells lies about what the prophet said should expect his place in the hell”. Is the Hadeeth mentioned correct or not.

Praise be to Allaah.

The hadeeth of Salmaan was narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh. He said: Chapter on the virtues of the month of Ramadaan if the report is saheeh.

Then he said: ‘Ali ibn Hijr al-Sa’di told us, Yoosuf ibn Ziyaad told us, Humaam ibn Yahya told us, from ‘Ali ibn Zayd ibn Jad’aan, from Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyab, from Salmaan who said:

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) addressed us on the last day of Sha’baan and said:

“O people, there has come to you a great month, a blessed month, a month in which there is a night that is better than a thousand months. Allaah has made fasting it obligatory and spending its nights in prayer a voluntary act. Whoever draws close (to Allaah) during it by doing a good deed will be like one who did an obligatory deed in any other month, and the one who does an obligatory deed in it will be like one who did seventy obligatory deeds in any other month. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Paradise. It is the month of helping others. It is a month in which the believer’s provision is increased. Whoever gives a fasting person food with which to break his fast will have his sins forgiven and he will be ransomed from the Fire, and he will have a reward like his without it detracting from his reward in the slightest.”

They said: Not all of us can find something to give to the fasting person with which to break his fast.

He said:

“Allaah will give this reward to the one who gives a fasting person a date or a drink of water or a sip of milk. It is a month the beginning of which is mercy, the middle of which is forgiveness and the end of which is ransom from the Fire. The one who reduces the burden for his slave will be forgiven by Allaah, and He will ransom him from the Fire. So do a lot of four good deeds during it, two with which you will please your Lord and two which you cannot do without. As for the two good deeds with which you will please your Lord, they are bearing witness that there is no god except Allaah, and seeking His forgiveness. As for those which you cannot do without, they are: asking Allaah for Paradise and seeking refuge with Him from Hell. Whoever feeds a fasting person until he is full, Allaah will give him to drink from my Cistern, a drink after which he will not thirst again until he enters Paradise.

Its isnaad includes ‘Ali ibn Zayd ibn Jad’aan, who is da’eef (weak) because of his bad memory. Its isnaad also includes Yoosuf ibn Ziyaad al-Basri, whose hadeeth is munkar. It also includes Humaam ibn Yahya ibn Dinaar al-‘Awadi, concerning whom Ibn Hajar said in al-Taqreeb: He is trustworthy but he may make mistakes.

Based on this, the hadeeth with this isnaad is not false, but it is weak. However, many of the virtues of Ramadaan are proven in the saheeh ahaadeeth.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta (10/84-85).

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In The name of Allah,The Most Merciful,The Most gracious

The hadeeth “The sleep of the fasting person is worship” is weak

I heard a khateeb mention a hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “The sleep of the fasting person is worship.” Is this hadeeth saheeh?.

Praise be to Allaah.

This hadeeth is not saheeh, and it is not proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Al-Bayhaqi narrated in Shu’ab al-Eeman (3/1437) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Abi Awfa (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

The sleep of the fasting person is worship, his silence is tasbeeh, his du’aa’ is answered and his good deeds will be multiplied.

Its isnaad was classed as weak by al-Bayhaqi who said: Ma’roof ibn Hassaan (one of the men in the isnaad) is da’eef (weak) and Sulaymaan ibn ‘Amr al-Nakha’i is weaker than him.

Al-‘Iraqi said in Takhreej Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen (1/310):

Sulaymaan al-Nakha’i is one of the liars.

It was classed as da’eef by al-Manaawi in Fayd al-Qadeer (9293) and it was mentioned by al-Albaani in Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da’eefah (4696) who said: It is da’eef.

What the Muslims should do in general – and this applies even more so to khateebs and daa’iyahs – is to verify reports before attributing a hadeeth to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

It is not permissible to attribute to him anything that he did not say. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Telling a lie about me is not like telling a lie about anyone else. Whoever tells a lie about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1391) and by Muslim in the introduction to his Saheeh (4).

And Allaah knows best.

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