Posted September 9, 2010on:
Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Fitr, Id-ul-Fitr, or Id al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity“, while Fiṭr means “to purify”; and so the holiday symbolizes the purification after completing the fasting month which is after the end of the Islamic month of Ramadan, on the first day of Shawwal.
Eid-ul-Fitr Salat is a Wajib (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob depending on which juristic opinion is followed salat of two raka’ah (units)which is generally offered in an open field called Idgah. This salat should be performed withJama’at with extra six Takbirs, three of them in the beginning of the first raka’ah and three of them just before ruku’ in the second raka’ah.Eid ul-Fitr is sometimes also known as the “Smaller Eid” as compared to the Eid al-Adha that lasts four days following the Hajj and is casually referred to as the “Greater Eid”
Muslims are commanded by the Qur’an to complete their fast on the last day of Ramadan and then recite the Takbir all throughout the period of Eid.
Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting Eid mubārak (“Blessed Eid”) or eid saeed (“Happy Eid”). In addition, many countries have their own greetings based on local language and traditions.
On eid day, people wake up relatively early in the morning before sunrise— offer Salatul Fajr, clean one’s teeth with a Miswaak or a brush, take a shower (Gosul) after Fajr, put on new clothes or the best available, and apply perfume.
It is haraam, or forbidden, to fast on the Day of Eid.That is why it is recommended to have a small breakfast (as a sign of not being on a fast on that day) of sweet dish, preferably the date fruit, before attending the special Eid prayer (salah). It is a Sunnah (habit or usual practice) that the Sadaqat-ul-fitr, an obligatory charity, is paid to the poor and the needy before performing the ‘Eid prayer by all those adult Muslims who are required to pay Zakat.Muslims recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the Eid prayer:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha ilal lahu wal Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa lilla hil hamnd.
Sunnah is that Muslims should use two separate routes to and from the prayer ground (Eid Gah)
EID prayer is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, squares etc or at mosques. No adhan or iqamah is to be pronounced for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two rakaʿāt with additional 6 Takbirs. The Eid prayer is followed by the khutbah and then a supplication asking for forgiveness, mercy and help for all living beings across the world. The khutbah also instructs Muslims as to the performance of rituals of Eid, such as the zakat. Listening to the khutbah of Eid is necessary (wajib) i.e. while the khutbah is being delivered, it is haraam to talk, walk about or offer prayer. It is then customary to embrace the persons sitting on either side of oneself, whilst greeting them. After the prayers, people visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances.
Eidi or Gifts are frequently given, it is common for children to be given small sums of money (Eidi) by adult relatives or friends. It is also common for children to salam parents and adult relatives, they usually get money from the adult relatives or friends, even if the family is middle class or wealthy.
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